How to publish null?

In one of my past entries I made an exemplary and incomplete list of journals that are dedicated to negative outcomes of research. The observation that most of those journals suffer from a very low number of article submission is maybe not surprising, but must look confusing. In my opinion, it is still undisputed that unsuccessful experiments, unexpected observations and contradindicative findings are crucial for the progress in science.

However, there are plenty of reasons why scientists would not unveil their failures openly, and I would do the same. So the question is: How could a platform be like that helps scientists to communicate about obstacles, questions and uncertainities? And why would scientists want to contribute?
An interesting example is the open access journal PLOS One that explicitely publishes every article, as long as it is scientifically sound. Due to its open access nature, the authors have to pay upon publication, instead of the reader. There are many other similar open access journals, but to my knowlegde, PLOS One is the successful one. I think, PLOS One is indeed a shelter for findings that contradict commonly acknowledged theories or research areas that are not considered to be „sexy“ by the scientific community. To my knowledge, it took the journals many difficult years to get established and even now, it is not known to too many scientists.
However, I think that for difficult projects like this, it was very helpful to cover a wide spectrum of sciences. Also, the combination of quick publishing and the connection with the audience is a an asset that distinguishes a project like PLOS One from the typical journals. It is maybe the certainity for the authors to get published in a serious way (PLOS One is established), while the journal it is wide-spread enough to ensure that there are enough submissions.
Another interesting example is the review function of the scientific social network ResearchGate. On this platform, Dr. Kenneth Lee from the university of Hong Kong and also Dr. Mohendra Rao from the NIH published their efforts to reproduce STAP, coming both the conclusion that the original work is not reproducible. Dr. Lee tried to also submit this review to Nature, where the original STAP work was published. However, the review was rejected for not-so-clear reasons. Later on, Nature retracted the original STAP publications, nonetheless.
Intransparency and lack of reproducibility of experiments is an ongoing threat that undermines the reliability of science at all. I think, to seriously report about negative experimental outcomes, the reproducibility of those must be ensured. But in fact, it must also be ensured for the well-selling, positive outcomes. So, having an eye on transparent and reproducible experimental procedures is in fact just a sign of good scientific quality at all.

Considering this, a platform focusing on negative results should (1.) be broad in scope, and (2.) leave no doubt about the scientific craft. Further, I tend more and more to believe that a „classic“ medium like a journal might not be the ideal platform for such results. A good publication type might be communications, supporting a quick and responsive feedback. Another important criterion is that publishing those results must be rewarded. In a simple case, it should help improve the authors h-hindex. Here, ResearchGate’s approach to invent a new score might be useful, since its „RG score“ is not solely coupled to the sheer number of publications and citations.


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